7 Elements of Art

Visual components: colour, form, line, shape, space, texture, and value.

Line: An element of art defined by a point moving in space. Line may be two-or three-dimensional, descriptive, implied, or abstract.

Shape: An element of art that is two-dimensional, flat, or limited to height and width; encloses 2D area.

Form: An element of art that is three-dimensional and encloses volume; includes height, width AND depth (as in a cube, a sphere, a pyramid, or a cylinder). Form may also be free flowing (water, fire). 

Value: The lightness or darkness of tones or colours. White is the lightest value; black is the darkest. The value halfway between these extremes is called middle grey.

Space: An element of art by which positive and negative areas are defined or an implied depth.

Colour: An element of art made up of three properties: hue, value, and intensity.
• Hue: name of colour
• Value: hue’s lightness and darkness (a colour’s value changes when white or black is added)
• Intensity: quality of brightness and purity (high intensity= colour is strong and bright; low intensity = colour is faint and dull)

Texture: An element of art that refers to the way things feel, or look as if they might feel if touched.

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